It is also the deepest ocean on Earth, reaching astounding depths of 36,201 feet in the Mariana Trench. The excess of oxygen-depleting chemicals in the water leads to hypoxia and the creation of a dead zone. The bustling South China Sea is the center of various territorial disputes resulting from several Asian countries making overlapping territorial claims. There are about 25,000 islands in the Pacific Ocean. [33] After navy visits to Easter Island in 1875 and 1887, Chilean navy officer Policarpo Toro negotiated the incorporation of the island into Chile with native Rapanui in 1888. [87][88] Several nuclear weapons were lost in the Pacific Ocean,[89] including one-megaton bomb lost during the 1965 Philippine Sea A-4 incident.[90]. Its geographical location and abundant natural resources have made the Mediterranean Sea an important trading center and source of political conflicts throughout history. [73] The andesite line follows the western edge of the islands off California and passes south of the Aleutian arc, along the eastern edge of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Kuril Islands, Japan, the Mariana Islands, the Solomon Islands, and New Zealand's North Island.[74][75]. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean covering more than 30% of the Earth. The water near the equator, which can have a salinity as low as 34 parts per thousand, is less salty than that found in the mid-latitudes because of abundant equatorial precipitation throughout the year. Oceans are the lifeline of the Earth and humankind because it plays an important role in the Earth's climate and in global warming. “The Asia-Pacific Idea: Reality and Representation in the Invention of a Regional Structure,”, Dixon, Chris, and David Drakakis-Smith. [53], The largest area, Polynesia, stretching from Hawaii in the north to New Zealand in the south, also encompasses Tuvalu, Tokelau, Samoa, Tonga and the Kermadec Islands to the west, the Cook Islands, Society Islands and Austral Islands in the center, and the Marquesas Islands, Tuamotu, Mangareva Islands, and Easter Island to the east. Its southern arm becomes the chilled slow, south-flowing California Current. [1] The Pacific Ocean encompasses approximately one-third of the Earth's surface, having an area of 165,200,000 km2 (63,800,000 sq mi)— larger than Earth's entire landmass combined, 150,000,000 km2 (58,000,000 sq mi). The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean, covering over 155 million square kilometers. The Mesopotamians were the first in the history of astronomy to keep records of the observed seven moving objects in the heavens – the seven classical planets / Seven Heavens – and they made this connection to their seven seas. See Answer. ", Dirlik, Arif. The Manila galleons operated for two and a half centuries, linking Manila and Acapulco, in one of the longest trade routes in history. Jones, Eric, Lionel Frost, and Colin White. “Pacific-ing Asian Pacific American History,”, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 06:13. One entire third of the world’s shipping passes through the South China Sea, making it an extremely important economic and political factor in world trade. The Pacific Ocean meets the Atlantic south of South America at Cape Horn. [24], Growing imperialism during the 19th century resulted in the occupation of much of Oceania by European powers, and later Japan and the United States. The Pacific Ocean is the largest body of water in the world and is a mind-blowing 46% of the Earth’s water surface and about one-third of its total surface area! The largest region of the Global Ocean, the Pacific Ocean has the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Southern Ocean to the south, Australia, and Asia to the west and the Americas to the east. In the arctic, icing from October to May can present a hazard for shipping while persistent fog occurs from June to December. The eastern side of the ocean was discovered by Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa in 1513 after his expedition crossed the Isthmus of Panama and reached a new ocean. In comparison, the Southern Ocean is … Because all the oceans of the world are joined together there’s really only one ocean. Pacific Ocean is the largest among all the five oceans of the world . The first contact of European navigators with the western edge of the Pacific Ocean was made by the Portuguese expeditions of António de Abreu and Francisco Serrão, via the Lesser Sunda Islands, to the Maluku Islands, in 1512,[12][13] and with Jorge Álvares's expedition to southern China in 1513,[14] both ordered by Afonso de Albuquerque from Malacca. It’s so huge, in fact, that its mass makes up half of Earth’s water. Dutch explorers, sailing around southern Africa, also engaged in discovery and trade; Willem Janszoon, made the first completely documented European landing in Australia (1606), in Cape York Peninsula,[25] and Abel Janszoon Tasman circumnavigated and landed on parts of the Australian continental coast and discovered Tasmania and New Zealand in 1642. [26], In the 16th and 17th centuries, Spain considered the Pacific Ocean a mare clausum—a sea closed to other naval powers. "Finding the Pacific world. On a worldwide scale, May is the least active month, while September is the most active month. The names of the earth's five oceans are the Atlantic, the Pacific, the Arctic, the Indian and the Southern (or Antarctic) Oceans. [80], The quantity of small plastic fragments floating in the north-east Pacific Ocean increased a hundredfold between 1972 and 2012. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. It’s fed by the Carbibbean Current and the Antilles Current, and its warm waters are a breeding ground for storms. All of the world’s continents could fit into the Pacific basin. The third largest ocean on Earth would be the Indian Ocean. The worlds two largest oceans are, from larger to smaller, the Pacific and Atlantic. Almost entirely surrounded by North American land, the Gulf of Mexico is separated from the Caribbean Sea by the Yucatan Channel. [34](p53) By 1900 nearly all Pacific islands were in control of Britain, France, United States, Germany, Japan, and Chile.[33]. The lowest counts of less than 32 parts per thousand are found in the far north as less evaporation of seawater takes place in these frigid areas. Earth’s beautiful oceans are some of the most striking natural features that we can observe and enjoy. Ocean between Asia and Australia in the west, the Americas in the east and Antarctica or the Southern Ocean in the south. Oceanic debris tends to accumulate at the center of gyres and coastlines, frequently washing aground where it is known as beach litter. Largest Oceans; Deepest Waters; Earth Details; The surface of the planet is approximately 71% water and contains (5) five oceans, including the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific and Southern. It sailed vast areas of the Pacific, from Cape Horn to Alaska, Guam and the Philippines, New Zealand, Australia, and the South Pacific. The Pacific Ocean, the biggest of all, also reaches northward from the Southern Ocean to the Arctic Ocean. High islands are of volcanic origin, and many contain active volcanoes. It is the biggest one on our planet. Wiki User Answered . Continental islands lie outside the andesite line and include New Guinea, the islands of New Zealand, and the Philippines. Covering approximately an entire fifth of the world’s surface, the Atlantic Ocean has the largest drainage area in the world. ", "GEOL 102 The Proterozoic Eon II: Rodinia and Pannotia", "Pacific Ocean Threats & Impacts: Overfishing and Exploitation", Plastic waste in the North Pacific is an ongoing concern, "Photos: Giant Ocean-Trash Vortex Documented – A First", "Marshall Islands marks 71 years since start of US nuclear tests on Bikini", "Bikinians evacuated 'for good of mankind' endure lengthy nuclear fallout", "How many nuclear weapons are at the bottom of the sea. [1], Due to the effects of plate tectonics, the Pacific Ocean is currently shrinking by roughly 2.5 cm (1 in) per year on three sides, roughly averaging 0.52 km2 (0.20 sq mi) a year. [61], Turning eastward at about 45°N, the Kuroshio forks and some water moves northward as the Aleutian Current, while the rest turns southward to rejoin the North Equatorial Current. Officially known as the Commonwealth of Australia, the country is an Oceanian country. This massive ocean takes up approximately 14% of the Earth’s surface and 20% of its overall ocean area, connecting with the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. 0 1 2. [76] The oldest Pacific Ocean floor is only around 180 Ma old, with older crust subducted by now.[77]. [84], Marine pollution is a generic term for the harmful entry into the ocean of chemicals or particles. The largest ocean in the world is the Pacific Ocean. "Pacific/Oceanic History" in, Stillman, Amy Ku‘uleialoha. The Southern Pacific Ocean harbors the Southeast Indian Ridge crossing from south of Australia turning into the Pacific-Antarctic Ridge (north of the South Pole) and merges with another ridge (south of South America) to form the East Pacific Rise which also connects with another ridge (south of North America) which overlooks the Juan de Fuca Ridge. The Pacific Ocean is by far the world's largest ocean at 60,060,700 square miles (155,557,000 sq km). In the tropical western Pacific, the monsoon and the related wet season during the summer months contrast with dry winds in the winter which blow over the ocean from the Asian landmass. List of Oceans Name of the five oceans are the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic oceans (arranged in a descending order according to their size). In 1520, navigator Ferdinand Magellan and his crew were the first to cross the Pacific in recorded history. Spain also sent expeditions to the Pacific Northwest, reaching Vancouver Island in southern Canada, and Alaska. The Bering Sea is said to be extremely biologically prolific, sustaining several fisheries and supporting a wide range of wildlife. Answer. It extends over 2000 kilometres in the north east cost of Australia. [37], Extending approximately 15,500 km (9,600 mi) from the Bering Sea in the Arctic to the northern extent of the circumpolar Southern Ocean at 60°S (older definitions extend it to Antarctica's Ross Sea), the Pacific reaches its greatest east–west width at about 5°N latitude, where it stretches approximately 19,800 km (12,300 mi) from Indonesia to the coast of Colombia—halfway around the world, and more than five times the diameter of the Moon. In the Southern hemisphere, because of the stormy and cloudy conditions associated with extratropical cyclones riding the jet stream, it is usual to refer to the Westerlies as the Roaring Forties, Furious Fifties and Shrieking Sixties according to the varying degrees of latitude. Magellan called the ocean Pacífico (or "Pacific" meaning, "peaceful") because, after sailing through the stormy seas off Cape Horn, the expedition found calm waters. The trade winds in the southern and eastern Pacific are remarkably steady while conditions in the North Pacific are far more varied with, for example, cold winter temperatures on the east coast of Russia contrasting with the milder weather off British Columbia during the winter months due to the preferred flow of ocean currents. By at least 878 when there was a significant Islamic settlement in Canton much of this trade was controlled by Arabs or Muslims. Containing almost twice as much as the world's second largest body of water, the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean holds more than half of the Earth's open water supply. [47], The Pacific Ocean has most of the islands in the world. Among these are Bougainville, Hawaii, and the Solomon Islands. It is divided into five smaller oceans. This tree largest … km, this triangular shaped gulf forms the northeastern part of the Indian ocean. Significant contributions to oceanographic knowledge were made by the voyages of HMS Beagle in the 1830s, with Charles Darwin aboard;[29] HMS Challenger during the 1870s;[30] the USS Tuscarora (1873–76);[31] and the German Gazelle (1874–76). These include the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain and the Louisville Ridge. The Westerlies and associated jet stream within the Mid-Latitudes can be particularly strong, especially in the Southern Hemisphere, due to the temperature difference between the tropics and Antarctica,[70] which records the coldest temperature readings on the planet. Covering approximately 59 million square miles and containing more than half of the free water on Earth, the Pacific is by far the largest of the world’s ocean basins. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. Containing almost twice as much as the world’s second largest body of water, the Atlantic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean holds more than half of the Earth’s open water supply. It is larger than any of the other 4 oceans, covering nearly 46 percent of all free waters and approximately 33 percent of the planet’s surface. This South China Sea connects to the neighboring East China Sea through the Taiwan Strait, with its China Sea Basin reaching an astounding maximum depth of 16,457 feet. Its mean depth is 4,000 meters (13,000 feet). • Area: 615,000 square miles (1,592,800 sq km) • Average depth: 4,874 feet (1,486 m) • Ocean: Atlantic Ocean The Gulf of Mexico is the world's largest gulf, with 3,100 miles of shoreline (5,000 km). The Bay of Bengal is the largest bay in the world and tenth on our list of top 10 largest seas in the world. Today we’ll look at 10 of the largest oceans and seas in the world and learn about what sets them apart. A petrologic boundary, it separates the deeper, mafic igneous rock of the Central Pacific Basin from the partially submerged continental areas of felsic igneous rock on its margins. Known as the largest ocean on Earth, the Pacific Ocean covers more than one-third of the Earth’s surface and nearly half of Earth’s water surface. Covering an area of 2,172,000 sq. [51] The Ring of Fire is named after the several hundred active volcanoes that sit above the various subduction zones. For information about seas in general, see ocean List of seas, by ocean Pacific Ocean. Asked by Wiki User. They span over massive distances, separating our continents and playing key parts in the world’s ecosystems and planetary climate. Oceans serve as the planet’s largest habitat and also help to regulate the global climate. [36] Since the end of World War II, many former colonies in the Pacific have become independent states. It spans the gap between Australia and Asia , and the Americas . It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean (or, depending on definition, to Antarctica) in the south and is bounded by the continents of Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east. The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world. The equator divides the Pacific Ocean into two separate parts – North Pacific Ocean and South Pacific … November is the only month in which all the tropical cyclone basins are active. The Great Barrier Reef, which is the largest coral reef in the world, is in Australia. The coastline of the Mediterranean Sea stretches for 28,600 miles! They were part of a Spanish expedition to the Spice Islands that would eventually result in the first world circumnavigation. ", Samson, Jane. In 1768, Pierre-Antoine Véron, a young astronomer accompanying Louis Antoine de Bougainville on his voyage of exploration, established the width of the Pacific with precision for the first time in history. The Indian Ocean’s deepest point, the Java Trench of Indonesia, reaches 25,344 ft below sea level. The northernmost body of water in the world, as well as the smallest and shallowest of all oceans, the Arctic Ocean is home to a surprisingly diverse array of wildlife. Water is always on the move. [54], Islands in the Pacific Ocean are of four basic types: continental islands, high islands, coral reefs and uplifted coral platforms. [69] A climatological low in the Gulf of Alaska keeps the southern coast wet and mild during the winter months. The Galápagos and Gilbert Islands, while straddling the equator, are deemed wholly within the South Pacific.[2]. The main culprits are those using the rivers for disposing of their waste. One of the most dramatic is the Great Barrier Reef off northeastern Australia with chains of reef patches. In addition, the Pacific Ocean has served as the crash site of satellites, including Mars 96, Fobos-Grunt, and Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite. A sea area of salt water of an ocean, or a large, usually salt water, closed lake (for example, the Caspian Sea and the Dead Sea). Bordering to India and Srilanka to the west, Myanmar and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands to the east and Bangladesh to the north, several rivers like the Holy Ganges, Hooghly, Padma, Brahmaputra and more flow into this sea. The 'Ring of Fire' is defined by a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, island arcs, and volcanic mountain ranges and/or boundaries of several plates. The Southern Ocean is the most recent body of water to be designated an ocean, and not all researchers or countries officially recognize its status as an ocean yet. Only the Antarctic and Australian coasts have no nearby subduction zones. The sunny climate and warm waters of the Mediterranean are home to a wide variety of birds and around 400 different species of fish. Actually, there is only one global ocean, but the various divisions have been recognized historically for geographic, cultural and scientific reasons. [21] In 1542–43 the Portuguese also reached Japan. The exploitation of the Pacific's mineral wealth is hampered by the ocean's great depths. "Problems of Pacific history. "Pacific history as seen from the Pacific Islands. [65], In the tropical and subtropical Pacific, the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) affects weather conditions. [6], Important human migrations occurred in the Pacific in prehistoric times. [16] Magellan stopped at one uninhabited Pacific island before stopping at Guam in March 1521. This sizeable body of water would be landlocked if it weren’t for the Strait of Gibraltar, which flows between Morocco and Spain to the Atlantic Ocean. Besides being the largest, this ocean is also the deepest. Let’s set sail on a journey to Earth’s major ocean currents. [5] The third deepest point on Earth, the Sirena Deep, is also located in the Mariana Trench. ", Routledge, David. Sigsbee Deep or the “Grand Canyon under the sea” is the deepest point in the Gulf of Mexico and reaches a depth of 14,383 feet. The Pacific Ocean is the largest of all the oceans. [72], The andesite line is the most significant regional distinction in the Pacific. On Northern and Southern sides, it is further capped by the North and South Arctics. [83] An estimated 80,000 metric tons of plastic inhabit the patch, totaling 1.8 trillion pieces. Covering approximately one-fifth of the total ocean area of the world. [38] The lowest known point on Earth—the Mariana Trench—lies 10,911 m (35,797 ft; 5,966 fathoms) below sea level. [58] Surface water temperatures in the Pacific can vary from −1.4 Â°C (29.5 Â°F), the freezing point of sea water, in the poleward areas to about 30 Â°C (86 Â°F) near the equator. [43] The lands around the Pacific Rim are full of volcanoes and often affected by earthquakes. The Indonesian Seaway (including the Strait of Malacca and Torres Strait) joins the Pacific and the Indian Ocean to the west, and Drake Passage and the Strait of Magellan link the Pacific with the Atlantic Ocean on the east. On the western side of the Pacific Ocean the Dutch threatened the Spanish Philippines. Ahoy, matey! Davidson, James Wightman. The entire area of the Caribbean in combination with its many islands and the Gulf of Mexico is referred to as the Wider Caribbean. The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. By occupying Easter Island, Chile joined the imperial nations. The Pacific Ocean is located between the Southern Ocean, Asia, and Australia in the Western Hemisphere. To the north, the Bering Strait connects the Pacific with the Arctic Ocean. The French explored and settled Polynesia, and the British made three voyages with James Cook to the South Pacific and Australia, Hawaii, and the North American Pacific Northwest. They play critical parts in the local food web alongside sustaining the native human population. It’s so huge, in fact, that its mass makes up half of Earth’s water. What is the largest ocean basin on earth what is the largest ocean basin on earth the world s largest ocean cleanup has largest ocean cleanup largest ocean cleanup What Is The Largest Ocean Basin On EarthWhat Is The Largest Ocean In World Top 10 SpotmydiveWhat Is The Largest Ocean In World Top 10 SpotmydiveTop… Read More » The highest point of the Indian Ocean uniformly rests right at sea level, rather than above or below it as a result of geographical influences. In fact, oceans cover more than 70% of Earth. [44] Tsunamis, caused by underwater earthquakes, have devastated many islands and in some cases destroyed entire towns. [41], As the Pacific straddles the 180th meridian, the West Pacific (or western Pacific, near Asia) is in the Eastern Hemisphere, while the East Pacific (or eastern Pacific, near the Americas) is in the Western Hemisphere.[42]. [22], In 1564, five Spanish ships carrying 379 explorers crossed the ocean from Mexico led by Miguel López de Legazpi, and sailed to the Philippines and Mariana Islands. 12 different species of mammals inhabit the Arctic, from polar bears and walruses to a variety of majestic whales. Spanish expeditions also discovered Tuvalu, the Marquesas, the Cook Islands, the Solomon Islands, and the Admiralty Islands in the South Pacific. To Magellan, it seemed much more calm (pacific) than the Atlantic. The Biggest Ocean in the World. He called it Mar Pacífico, which in both Portuguese and Spanish means "peaceful sea". [46] Later, the Diogo Ribeiro map of 1529 was the first to show the Pacific at about its proper size. Their borders are indicated on the world image (above) in varied shades of blue. Micronesia, which lies north of the equator and west of the International Date Line, includes the Mariana Islands in the northwest, the Caroline Islands in the center, the Marshall Islands to the east and the islands of Kiribati in the southeast. Top Answer. [71], The ocean was first mapped by Abraham Ortelius; he called it Maris Pacifici following Ferdinand Magellan's description of it as "a pacific sea" during his circumnavigation from 1519 to 1522. The ocean's current name was coined by Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan during the Spanish circumnavigation of the world in 1521, as he encountered favorable winds on reaching the ocean. 2017-02-14 09:26:11 2017-02-14 09:26:11. [32], In Oceania, France obtained a leading position as imperial power after making Tahiti and New Caledonia protectorates in 1842 and 1853, respectively. [4] The Pacific also contains the deepest point in the Southern Hemisphere, the Horizon Deep in the Tonga Trench, at 10,823 meters (35,509 feet). 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