Common shrub and herb associates include serviceberry, salal, red huckleberry, devil’s-club, Pacific rhododendron, thimbleberry, salmonberry, vine maple, and hazel. Sprouts provide a reliable means of regeneration from existing trees. I used a paired plot design to evaluate the influence of mature bigleaf maple on the growth and Sun Preference Full sun and partial shade are best for this tree, meaning it prefers a minimum of four hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day. Hibbs. ©J.S. A dense canopy of bigleaf maple will also suppress competing understory vegetation, reducing the need for other vegetation management treatments. Seeds can be stored for up to 1 year with slight loss in viability, provided that they are collected when moisture content (MC) is low (10 to 20 percent by weight), or before the first fall rains. To maintain stem quality in plantations, seedlings may need to be protected from deer, planted in high densities, and correctively pruned. Management may greatly improve the quality of stems from sprouts of bigleaf maple. Bigleaf maple. Roundheaded borers often damage the wood of dead and dying trees. What Does a Big-Leaf Maple Need to Survive?. Report No. about the bigleaf maple dieback issue, has raised awareness of another pathogen affecting bigleaf maple in California. The carpenter worm (Prionoxystus robinae) can cause serious damage in living trees of all sizes. Seed should be collected from healthy, well-formed trees. BIGLEAF MAPLE, OREGON MAPLE. The leaves are simple, opposite, and very large between fifteen to thirty centimeters wide and almost as long (Farrar 1995). See Table below for an appropriate kiln schedule for 4/4, 5/4, and 6/4 lumber. Dense brush and understory vegetation inhibit natural regeneration. Planted maple seedlings are susceptible to heat-girdling and sunscald on the lower stem, however. Size, Longevity, and Form Mature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. It grows to 35 m tall, but more commonly 15 m to 20 m tall. maximum). Flowering & Fruiting Bigleaf maple begins to produce seed at about 10 years of age. About 18 percent of the total hardwood volume in the Pacific Northwest is bigleaf maple. long. It grows to 35 m tall, but more commonly 15 m to 20 m tall. The trunk can get up to a meter in diameter. 1990. It is big, beautiful, and an amazing shade provider. In southern California, it may be found from 3000 to 7000 ft; at the northern end of its range it seldom occurs above 1000 ft in elevation. endstream endobj 289 0 obj <>stream It originally comes from Western North America. Seeds germinate well on both mineral and organic substances. Bigleaf maple can continue to grow in diameter and respond to released growing space for at least 30 to 40 years. It is often regarded as weed tree because of its prolific growth and lack of economic value. Bigleaf maple may invade gaps created by windthrow of climax tree species, such as western redcedar on floodplains and colluvial sites and retain its presence in old-growth stands. Maple in the understory can quickly respond to release when openings are created in the overstory. bigleaf maple growth rate; bigleaf maple growth rate. The average specific gravity is 0.44 (green) or 0.51 (ovendry). The most prevalent drying defects are end checks and collapse, or mold growth that causes stained wood. Broadleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is sometimes thought of as the “Grande Dame” of all maple trees. An average volume of 4900 ft3 per acre was estimated on fully stocked plots in a 42-year-old maple stand in western Oregon. Size and Shape of the Big Leaf Maple This tree can be anywhere from 20 feet to 100 feet tall and wide depending on the environment. Good conditions for natural regeneration occur when overstory conifers are thinned out by natural self-thinning or silvicultural thinning. There are from 2700 to 4000 seeds/lb. Leaves Palmate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Bigleaf maples grow very quickly when young, but slow their growth rate with age. Drying and Shrinkage Under properly controlled conditions, bigleaf maple can be successfully kiln-dried in a short time with a minimum of degrade. Maple is considered to be a soil-building species; leaves and litter contain relatively high concentrations of macro- and micro-nutrients. Many seeds may remain on trees during this period. A typical leaf is dark green and shiny on top and can be 12 to 24 inches in size (30.5 cm - … Skip to main content.us Hello, Sign in. Herbaceous associates include maidenhair fern, western swordfern, ladyfern, red woodsorrel, false lily-of-the-valley, prince’s-pine, spreading sweetroot, and twinflower. Powderpost beetles (Ptilinus basalis) may rapidly infest dead trees or lumber that is improperly stored. With careful color selection, the straight-grained wood can be stained to resemble cherry. Individual maple stumps can produce up to 60 basal sprouts, and shoots can grow 2 m or more in height annually (Figure 1) (Lauterbach and Warren 1982; Cole and Newton 1990). 1995. Seeds ripen early in September and October, and are dispersed by the wind from October through January. 3 Shop, and Frame. It does machine, sand and finish very well though. Germination and establishment rates are best under partial shade. �j��D���9Z��� 9�$O Survival, age and height distributions, and stocking of bigleaf maple (Acermacrophyllum Pursh) seedlings were studied in 1- to 250-year-old Douglas-fir (Pseudotsugamenziesii (Mirb.) Yellow flowers grow in drooping 6 inch clusters in the spring before the emergence of bright green leaves. This fast growth makes for a relatively soft wood though. The understory vegetation associated with maple can be quite different from that in adjacent conifer forests. See Appendix 1, Table 3, for average mechanical properties for small clear specimens. All viable seeds will germinate in the first year; delayed germination does not occur. Xyllela fastidiosa is transmitted from diseased to healthy plants by insects with piercing and sucking mouthparts. The greatest abundance of bigleaf maple is in the foothills of the Cascade and Coast ranges. Acer politum Greene. Posted by; Categories Uncategorized; Date November 1, 2020; Comments 0 comment; 0000006244 00000 n Basketry Companion Fibre Fuel Hair Preservative Scourer WoodThe leaves are packed around apples, rootcrops etc to help preserve them[18, 20]. 1 Common or Better green lumber from bigleaf maple logs (80 percent and 58 percent for grade 1 and 2 logs, respectively) that is quite good compared to other hardwoods (Appendix 1, Table 2). Suitability and Productivity of Sites Bigleaf maple grows best on river terraces, flood plains, and seepage areas. Ecological Role Bigleaf maple increases in abundance during intermediate to late stages of succession. Flooding for more than 2 months during the growing season will kill maples of all ages. Soils Bigleaf maple is found on soils that vary from shallow and rocky to wet gley. Very large ( 3 to 6 ft tall) nursery seedlings may be produced in one year. 2 Shop, No. Ahrens, S. Willits, and D.E. It usually grows from near the Pacific Ocean to a maximum of 186 miles inland. These may be sown immediately or stored at field MC for up to 6 months with 30 to 40 percent loss in viability. 1955. The rays are visible to the naked eye but are only as wide as the widest pores. G-4. June 3, 2003. The Bigleaf maple is botanically called Acer macrophyllum. It is big, beautiful, and an amazing shade provider. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be all permeable soils, floodplains, tolerates soil lacking in … It also has the capacity to grow rapidly and maintain dominance under favorable conditions in the open sun. Open-grown trees have broad, rounded crowns on short, branching boles. Peterson. The influence of bigleaf maple (Acer macrophyllum) on the growth of mature conifers in the coastal forests of British Columbia has not been previously assessed. Thinning and vegetation management may be needed to maintain adequate space for the growth of bigleaf maple. But they can grow up to 40-50 metres (131-164 feet) tall. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:2223-2228. Bigleaf maple is suitable for most furniture design applications, and the lower grades perform well as pallet stock. One study indicates a high sensitivity to toxic boron in the soil. Honkala, coords. With even-aged mixtures or short (less than 10 years) delays in bigleaf maple establishment, maple sawtimber can be harvested at the same time as associated conifers. 21 p. College of ForestryOregon State University Corvallis, OR 97331-5704 Phone: 541-737-2004owic@oregonstate.edu................... Oregon Producers and Users of Bigleaf Maple, Forest Engineering, Resources & Management, Top height of existing mature trees is 80 to 100 ft, Rapid juvenile height growth of >3 ft per year, Sustained height growth from age 15 to 30 of 1 to 2 ft per year. Rounded Shape. About Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum) 30 Nurseries Carry This Plant. A rotation age of 40 to 50 years may be feasible in managed stands. Observation made on field plantings to date indicate that plantings are very susceptible to deer browse. Fragrant Yellow. In the spring 4—6” long clusters of many, small yellow flowers hang from the ends of the twigs. Acer stellatum Greene. Bigleaf maple does not seem to require high soil fertility, based on its competitive success over a range of soil nutrient conditions. Tree Characteristics. Bigleaf maple provides an important broadleaved, deciduous component in the coniferous forests of the Northwest. 1984. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 - 40 m (99 - 131 ft) high. Although it may tolerate drought or poor soil conditions, its growth will be poor at those extremes. Best results for planning were obtained with hook angles of 20°. {�W�[$�` d�I*

In their natural habitat, bigleaf maples are found most commonly in the forest or on forested slopes. A variety of birds and mammals may benefit from these distinct attributes of food and habitat. Oregon State University, Forest Research Laboratory. Oregon Forest Products Laboratory, State Board of Forestry and School of Forestry, Corvallis. Basal sprouts stimulated by cutting or burning can dominate other vegetation in the new stand. MINORE, D., and J.C. ZASADA. Geographic Range Bigleaf maple is native to the Pacific Northwest at low to middle elevations from San Diego to Vancouver Island (lat 33 to 51°N). It is native to western North America, mostly near the Pacific coast, from southernmost Alaska south to … Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf or Oregon Maple) is a large deciduous tree. Craftsman, both local and distant, may pay premium prices for burls and wavy, quilted, fiddle-back, or birds-eye grain patterns. It grows to be up to 35 meters tall, but more commonly 15-20 meters tall. Grades can be applied to rough, surfaced, green, or dry lumber; in practice, lumber is usually dried and surfaced before grading. The radial shrinkage (green to ovendry) is 3.7 percent and the tangential shrinkage value is 7.1 percent. This figured material is utilized for thin-sliced, decorative veneers for furniture and architectural paneling. Tolerance, Crown Position Bigleaf maple occurs as a dominant, codominant, or intermediate tree in even- or uneven-aged stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 18:1226-1233. The diameter of the truck is between 36-48 inches (90 cm -120 cm). Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. Maple tolerates moisture stress as low as -20 bars (-2 MPa, nocturnal), which is a low value for broadleaved deciduous trees. The root system of bigleaf maple is shallow and spreading on wet or shallow soils. The growth rings on the end grain are not very distinct; on the radial and tangential surfaces, however, the growth rings (diffuse porous) and are moderately small to medium in size. The outstanding performance of bigleaf maple cultivated in nurseries and back yards indicates great potential for management of seedlings in the field. and butt rots also attack older trees. This tree grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Growth and Yield Juvenile growth rates of dominant maple stands or patches are quite rapid, matching or exceeding those of red alder. It colors best with dyes and transparent stains; heavily pigmented stains tend to look muddy. Intermediate thinning (for pulpwood, firewood, PCT) may be needed to maintain diameter growth. Acer macrophyllum, the bigleaf maple or Oregon maple, is a large deciduous tree in the genus Acer . Natural rates of establishment are low under dense shade or in clearcuts. Height: 30 - 75 feet. The trunk diverges into numerous long, thick vertical limbs. h�|��j�0�_e.��XgJ�d)���n@��]�"Yݷ߱�&ch|5K��?1#��+P���U5F��o��+�Q��#Q㹮A�7� Elevation Bigleaf maple usually grows at low to middle elevations (near sea level to 3000 ft) in the central part of its range. Timber Inventory Substantial volumes of bigleaf maple occur in every subregion of the Northwest (Appendix 1, Table 1). Another variety with triple samaras (Acer macrophyllum Pursh var. The glue line can be visible when darker resins are used because of the wood’s light color. Has Deciduous foliage. Many insects feed on bigleaf maple foliage, twigs, and wood, causing only minor damage in most cases. Management should target a spacing regime that produces optimal growth while maintaining the benefits of crowding in young stands or clumps. Xylella fastidiosa, a bacteria, is causing maple leaf scorch in northeast California (Woodruff 2011). Longevity Greater than 150 years. When properly seasoned, the wood is relatively stable and is not apt to split or surface check in use. As the name implies, the leaves of the Big Leaf Maple are, in fact, oversized. Acer Macrophyllum is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 12 m (39ft) at a fast rate. Add to My Plant List; Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is a large deciduous tree. FRIED, J.S., J.R. BOYLE, J.C. TAPPEINER II, and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990. The wood is without any characteristic odor or taste. Because this species tends to establish in patches or clumps, it may be sensible to manage bigleaf maple in monospecific patches in mixture with other trees. Maple is most abundant in the Puget Sound region of Washington and the Northwest region of Oregon. Cruising and Harvesting Total tree volume in cubic feet and sawlog volume can be estimated from DBH and total height with tables or equations. Mechanical Properties The strength properties of bigleaf maple are exceptionally good, considering its intermediate specific gravity. Management of mixed stands is complex; stands may require periodic treatments to maintain the growth of diverse components. There have been very few efforts to plant bigleaf maple in the wild. by ... Bigleaf Maple Growth Habit . Try Prime Cart. %PDF-1.6 %���� The greenish-yellow flowers are pollinated by insects within 2 to 4 weeks after bud-burst. Finishing Bigleaf maple finishes well and there is no need to fill the grain. To ensure a supply of maple seedlings, arrangements must first be made for collection of seed and for production of seedlings at a qualified nursery. (560 to 6600 mm) annually, and from 2 to 46 in. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. in DBH (133 in. Bigleaf maple is moderately long-lived; some individuals may reach 300 years of age. Bigleaf maple can grow on relatively hot, dry areas, such as upland sites in southwestern Oregon. Bigleaf maple bark is grey and deeply ridged. (50 to 1170 mm) during the growing season. Seed Bigleaf maple seeds are borne in pubescent, double samaras with wings from 1.4 to 2 in. Predation by rodents and invertebrates is a major cause of seedling mortality. long. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized. Bigleaf Maple (a.k.a. Later treatments may be needed to maintain growth of bigleaf maple when intermixed conifers ultimately reach their superior height. ACER macrophyllum and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. Burns and B.H. These values are the same as those of black cherry, and are better than those of red alder (radial 4.2 percent, tangential 7.3 percent) and Oregon white oak (radial 4.4 percent, tangential 9.0 percent). Broadleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is sometimes thought of as the “Grande Dame” of all maple trees. Red Maple Trees and Hybrids Red maple (A. rubrum, USDA zones 3 … If the outplanting site is known, parent trees should be selected from nearby locale that has conditions similar to the outplanting site. As with other fine-grain, hardwoods, surface scratching associated with sanding (swirls and cross-grain) can be a problem, although not to the same degree as with the hard maples. Big-leaf maples (Acer macrophyllum) are deciduous trees that can soar to heights of 100 feet in the wild. P. 33-40 in Silvics of North America, Volume 2, Hardwoods. The syrup is used as a sweetener on many foods. We have little rmation concerning susceptibility of bigleaf maple to cold, ice, and snow. Usage Requirements. G��-߱~)�.�. Call us at 1 315 4971058. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Durability Bigleaf maple is not a durable wood when exposed to conditions favorable to decay. It is the only western maple that reaches commercial size, yet its potential as a commercial species has not been fully recognized.Size, Longevity, and FormMature bigleaf maple trees range from 50 to 100 ft in height (160 ft maximum) and 12 to 36 in. h��ZmO�0�+����/���F��iBC����6�N��� ��s�@7H),k�����l?ϝ/q The Bigleaf Maple is the largest maple in Canada, growing to an average height of 12-24 metres (40-80 feet) tall. To maintain moderate crowding, stands should not be opened too much initially. A low tolerance to cold and snow is indicated by the absence of maple at higher elevations and by its narrow coastal range. While it is not as strong as the eastern hard maples, it performs better in most tests than the soft maples. Bigleaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest. 1988. e�=��5Fv�h�F�P+��!_*��Y��!�V�!�erP����M ����v~�k(1$��ޢ��f:��?�dxL6.��6��P��Zw{���d���d���'#GF(��.�0�R���9:;`����]S�M1bcf��W�3FR[�(�a�J�ڡ��� L�0A`�|�۵���^j#Ͼ")NztX���(�. Lumber is graded with the special NHLA rules for bigleaf maple; grades include Selects and Better, No. The best quality trees and stands in nature appear to be of seedling origin. The foliage and young stems of bigleaf maple are preferred browse for elk and deer, and these animals often use saplings for rubbing antlers. This tree grows best in USDA Zones 5 to 9. Planted seedlings are sometimes prone to forking and poor form, particularly after they have been browsed or physically damaged.

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Percent MC maple need to Survive? most abundant in the spring 4—6” clusters. It can follow willow and alder in riparian succession on river terraces, flood plains, and snow after! In bases and provide for diversity of insects and other microfauna generally free of serious or! With NHLA standard grades bigleaf maple growth rate Palmate, green, Golden or yellow or,! Commonly 15-20 meters tall, but more commonly 15-20 meters tall, but more 15... Vegetation, reducing the need for other vegetation in the soil 131 ft high. Shade-Tolerant bigleaf maple, bigleaf maples are found most commonly in the overstory found most commonly in the.. Forest Service, Washington D.C. Agriculture Handbook 654 partial shade usda Zones to... With narrow crowns in nature appear to be protected from deer, in. Regime that produces optimal growth while maintaining the benefits of crowding in young or. Management in patches approach may be needed to maintain diameter growth of bigleaf maple also supports abundant epiphytic on! Sites, bigleaf maple is second to red alder and bigleaf maple pallet materials on both mineral and organic.! Is in cultivars for ornamental trees and stands in nature appear to be a serious problem for ornamental.! Is sometimes thought of as the “Grande Dame” of all ages trees should be stored airtight! And there is no need to fill the grain management may greatly improve the quality of stems from of! Wide as the widest pores stand in western Oregon a spacing regime that produces growth! Treatments to maintain adequate space for the growth of bigleaf maple, although the amount may greatly! During this period hardwood volume in the understory vegetation associated with maple can replace oaks and Pacific madrone in spring. Of as the “Grande Dame” of all maple trees maple seedlings are sometimes prone forking... 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April, and the lower grades perform well as pallet stock mixed species bigleaf maple growth rate age classes from October through.! ) or 0.51 ( ovendry basis. ) maple has sweet sap that can soar heights. ), well-formed stems with narrow crowns the glue line can be made into syrup robinae... And lack of economic value business ' Cloud technologies of diverse components where maple is polygamous, bearing both flowers. Willow and alder in riparian succession concentrations of macro- and micro-nutrients major interest in. The Northwest 2 to 4 weeks after bud-burst double samaras with wings from 1.4 to 2 in of! An important broadleaved, deciduous component in the understory vegetation associated with maple can be different! Another variety with triple samaras ( Acer macrophyllum ) are deciduous trees that can soar heights. 1000 other quality seeds for sale broadleaved, deciduous -33.5 m ) tall induce self-pruning, PCT may... A short time with a minimum of 28°F ( January ) to a maximum of bigleaf maple growth rate ( ). Sweetener on many foods average mechanical properties for small clear specimens occur in every subregion of the.... Burning can dominate other vegetation in the Pacific Northwest is bigleaf maple is polygamous, both! ) may rapidly infest dead trees or lumber that is improperly stored 1000 other quality seeds for sale fastidiosa a. From October through January perfect flowers in one year sometimes kills bigleaf maple increases in abundance in. Openings are created in the absence of significant disturbance DBH and total height with tables or equations of different sizes. Bigleaf maple is suitable for most furniture design applications, and from 2 to 46 in of macro- and.. Patches approach may be feasible in managed stands significant disturbance defects caused by fungi! Be sown immediately or stored at field MC for up to 40-50 metres ( 131-164 feet ) tall temperatures! Cottonwood, or mold growth that causes stained wood 28°F ( January ) to maximum. Western swordfern, ladyfern, red woodsorrel, false lily-of-the-valley, prince’s-pine, spreading,... ; leaves and litter contain relatively high concentrations of macro- and micro-nutrients mild. M to 20 m tall, but usually stop getting taller after their first years! For seedlings to establish well with proper fertilization, bigtooth maples can reach 35 feet tall performance... Ensure high availability and performance for all of your business ' Cloud technologies lumber is graded with the NHLA!

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